Garden Supplies

Japanese Goldfish

 Japanese Goldfish is the generic term that covers the various species of goldfish that are raised by fish breeders in Japan. The main varieties are Ryukin, Tosakin, Ranchu, Oranda, Demekin as well as the common golfish known as Wakin. Of these the Tosakins are probably the rarest and most beautiful result of the hundreds of years of japanese goldfish breeding.

Lion Head OrandaThe Redcap Oranda, as its name implies, has a red cap-like growth on the top of its head with the remainder of its body being a pale silver color. Also known as the Lionhead Oranda because of its fearsome appearance. While the common body color is silver, oranda are also found with red or yellow and even chocolate coloring.

Ranchu Lion HeadThe Ranchu are found with a number of different colorings. From single color red-metallic, red head and white body, white head and red body, and variegated red-white coloration. Many more species of fish can be seen on various kids programs such as any pbs newshour or a national geographic special about fish or fish in culture.

 There are also Calico Ranchu which are similar but with the addition of small dark colored spots and a dark tail. The Ranchu has no dorsal fin and this fact sometimes causes the fish to lose its balance, and to swim either in a vertical position (head downwards) or else upside down altogether.

The Ryukin in some respects is intermediate between the chinese fantail and the veiltail: it has a deep body and usually a medium to fairly long tail. It is commonly found in red, white and orange color. The Ryukin was developed in China and imported and further developed in Japan.

The Tosakin is a variety of the Ryukin which has an undivided double tail, with the tail splayed sideways and forwards. They were bred for viewing from above, and much of the effect of the spectacular tail is lost when viewed from the side.

Demekin or Telescope EyeThe Demekin is characterized by its protruding eyes. It is also known as telescope eye, globe eye or dragon eye goldfish. It is according to the amount of its eye distortion that the value of the fish is gauged, and the shape and size of the fins are of secondary importance.


Japanese goldfish prefer shallow water and minimal water flow, so be sure to make sure you get the right water filters fast when caring for these goldfish. The ideal depth is eight inches although a deeper pond can be used if necessary. The shallow water encourages the Tosakins to keep their tails up which makes for a better display. They should be fed high quality pellets or flakes and red wiggler or bloodworms as a treat for best color and growth rate.

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